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Finishing

Special finishes
Lamination and varnishing are used extensively in brochure, manual and magazine printing.

Lamination
Often with lamination you might not actually see the laminate which is a thin plastic coating heat sealed onto the paper. You will however feel it as it creates a smooth and impervious finish. This will likely be a matt laminate. Gloss lamination is more readably seen and again adds to the tactile quality of a page.

UV Varnishing
With both gloss and matt finishes available UV varnishing gives a similar effect to lamination although the process is more thin and used as a spot colour.

Foil Blocking
A technique where metallic foil is applied to a page using heat and pressure to create a reflective area. The effect is usually more eye catching than a metallic ink as the foil has greater reflective properties and sits on top of the paper rather than being partially absorbed as is the case with the ink.

Embossing
The technique of raising up a portion of the page to create a shadow. This, like foil blocking, requires a special dye to be made and subsequently can add significantly to the overall cost of a job.

Die cutting
A metal tool which punches is hole or edge into a piece of artwork to create an irregular shape in the card or paper. Like a pie cutter in application, A die cutter is often used to create packaging from a regular sheet, but can also be used in brochure design to create an unusual cover or to knockout a hole for a image or logo. The cutter is a series of blades set in a block to create a single unbroken but irregular edge and can be combined with scoring to create folds in the paper.